The fifth edition of CSA Z462 — Workplace Electrical Safety was published in January, so we wanted to take a look at the four steps you need to take to establish your own arc flash program and the types of PPE you need to protect workers.
We hosted a webinar 23 about the changes to CSA Z462. Watch now
Arc flash injuries are incredibly rare but account for a disproportionate number of work-lost days. Injuries tend to be severe and the fines and victim payments can be quite steep, as one company in Kitchener Ontario experienced recently when they were ordered to pay $55,000 after three workers were injured.
What is an arc flash?
An arc flash is an electrical explosion caused by the accidental release of electrical energy from two conductive sources (e.g. wires) across an air gap (meaning they are spaced apart and not connected). They are hazardous for many reasons:
- Heat up to 19,426 °C – nearly as hot as a lightning bolt!
- Make sound exceeding 160 dBA – the same volume as a space shuttle launching
- Create pressure waves up to 2,000 lbs per square foot
- Cause electrical shock
- Produce molten metal
- Create blinding light
1. Designate an arc flash program administrator
Your workplace should have a designated electrical safety coordinator to oversee your program according to CSA Standard Z462.
The coordinator’s responsibilities include implementing proper:
- lockout/tagout procedures to isolate electrical energy
- administrative controls to reduce possible contact with electrically energized components, and
- instructions for handling the electrical hazards.
2. Perform an arc flash risk assessment
Performing an arc flash risk assessment to identify what your hazards are is an important part of your electrical safety program. Your assessment should identify potential electrical shock and arc flash hazards.
According to the new Standard, an arc flash risk assessment shall be performed to:
- identify arc flash hazards
- estimate the likelihood of occurrence of injury or damage to health and the potential severity of injury or damage to health, and
- determine if additional protective measures are required, including the use of PPE.
If there is a potential for an arc flash, you need to recognize how much incident energy (measured in calories) would be released if an arc flash would occur.
You can calculate this using the incident energy or the arc flash PPE category method.
This information also allows you to set your arc flash protection boundaries which tells you how far you need to be away from the source of an arc flash to avoid injuries if one should occur.
3. Identify equipment hazards with labels
All electrical hazards should be identified and labeled accordingly.
Electrical labels are required to state the following:
- arc flash boundaries and approach limits
- strength of an arc flash at cal/cm2, and
- required PPE.
4. Identify your arc flash PPE requirements
You must provide staff with protective equipment that matches the maximum rated cal/cm2 that an arc flash can release based on your incident energy calculations
The latest CSA Z462 Standard added category 5 arc flash PPE.
Here are some recommendations to consider when developing your arc flash PPE program.
Everyday work clothing
Shirt, pants or coveralls are worn daily and provide protection for the majority of tasks performed. Also consider outerwear including rainwear.
Avenger 7 oz Coveralls
- 7 oz – FR 88% cotton, 12% nylon twill weave, preshrunk fabric
- Flame-resistant and guaranteed for the life of the garment
- 50% more life than 100% cotton
- Trim features 3M™ Scotchlite™ reflective material
- Multi-purpose protection from electric arc and flash fire
- Breakaway zipper
- NAFTA – made with North American fabric and components
- Lowered X striping on back to allow room for company logo or hooded undergarment
- Also available in women’s version
Women’s Segmented Striped Fleece Full Zip Jacket
- Features 2″ 3M™ Scotchlite™ reflective heat transfer material
- 55% modacrylic, 45% cotton
- Fabric is inherently flame resistant
- Full zipper
- Slash pockets with VISLON® zippers
- Available in sizes XS to 2XL
These types of applications call for an arc flash suit, a total clothing system including overalls, coat and hood and can range from 25 to 140cal/cm². With the new edition of CSA Z462, a new category 5 has been added. You will need to review your requirements to see if you need to make changes.
Oberon TCG™ 75 Cal Arc Flash Kit (Hood, Coat, and Bib with Light and Vent)
- Meets ANSI/ISEA 125 Level 2 Conformity with an arc rating of 76 cal/cm2. Meets NFPA 70E Arc Flash Category 4 or CSA Z462 Category 5 standards. Please refer to your applicable standards for specific selection criteria
- Hoods use a patented True Color Grey (TCG™) arc flash face shield technology which produces no color distortion while performing common work tasks and comes with a scratch resistant, anti-fog coating
- Arc flash suit set comes equipped with a hood, coat, and bib overalls. The hood comes with a front mounting L.E.D. light and a fresh air hood ventilation system
- Black colour
- Made in the USA
Arc flash gloves
Dexterity® Flame-Resistant Arc Flash Gloves with Neoprene Palm
- 13-gauge knit shell increases dexterity and hand movement
- The glove’s engineered yarn blends Kevlar® with a variety of strong and inherently flame-resistant fibers for arc flash protection
- Arc flash testing placed these gloves at level 2, with an Arc Thermal Performance Value (ATPV) of 9.2 cal/cm2
- Neoprene palm coating is excellent in dry and wet grip, great flame-resistant properties and good resistance to oil
- These gloves are treated with Ultra-Fresh to achieve 99.9% antimicrobial status
Dexterity® Deluxe Flame-Resistant Arc Flash Gloves with Neoprene Palms
- The world’s thinnest, most comfortable arc flash level 3 rated glove
- Arc flash tested for level 3 with an ATPV of 25 cal/cm²
- 18 g Kevlar® composite filament fiber shell of protection
- Dual cut protection; Glove body – ANSI cut level A3; Cuff only – ANSI cut level A6
- Flame-resistant neoprene palm coating for better grip
- ESD (electrostatic dissipating) carbon filament to impart anti-static properties
Endura® Cut-Resistant Arc Flash Goat-Grain Driver Glove
- Soft and lightweight driver-style, goat grain leather glove is fully lined with a blended Kevlar/composite filament fiber for ANSI level A4 cut protection
- Cut-and-sewn knit for optimal fit and eliminate bunching in areas like the thumb
- Goatskin has high-tensile strength and abrasion-resistant properties and is often referred to as nature’s strongest leather
- The cut-and-sewn liner dons much more easily than a seamless knit, since it is tailored to the hand
- Keystone thumb provides extra durability
- Arc flash testing placed these gloves at level 3, with an Arc Thermal Performance Value (ATPV) of 36 cal/cm²
Rubber insulating gloves and leather protectors for shock protection
Rubber insulating gloves are used exclusively for electrical purposes such as power generation, electrical contractors, hybrid automotive repair/service, hybrid automobile manufacturing, industrial plant maintenance, utilities.
PMMI International Glove Kit
- Kit includes rubber insulating gloves, leather outer glove and carrying bag
- Insulating gloves are class 0 1000 VAC 1,500 VDC
- Meet ASTM D120 standard and CSA Z462 for use around electrical hazards
- Contoured shape reduces hand fatigue
- Natural rubber construction offers the required dielectric properties combined with flexibility, strength and durability
- Silicone free
Other PPE to consider:
Along with the PPE mentioned in this post, you should consider the following:
- Arc-rated face shield, googles or safety glasses
- Arc-rated balaclava
- Ear plugs
- Hard hat with G rating and arc-rated hard hat liner
- Leather footwear
Creating an electrical safety program
By following these four steps you can build an essential arc flash safety program for your workplace to help keep your workers safe.
Need help putting your electrical safety program together? We can help!
Fill out the form below and a member of our team will contact you to learn more about your needs and provide solutions.